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This reagent has been pre-titrated and tested for flow cytometric analysis. The suggested use of this reagent is 5 μl per 10^6 cells in a 100 µl suspension or 5 μl per 100 µl of whole blood.
CD19 is a 95 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily (PMID: 2472450). It is expressed by B cells and follicular dendritic cells. CD19 is up-regulated at the step of B-lineage commitment during the differentiation of the hematopoietic stem cell, it remains on during subsequent stages of differentiation until finally down-regulated during terminal differentiation into plasma cells (PMID: 8528044). CD19 is involved in B cell development, activation and differentiation. It is the dominant component for the signaling complex on B cells that includes CD21 (CR2), CD81 (TAPA-1) and CD225 and acts as a critical co-receptor for BCR signal transduction (PMID: 23210908).